Rencana Persiapan Pembelajaran

LANDASAN RPP

PP NO 19 TAHUN 2005 Pasal 20

Perencanaan proses pembelajaran meliputi silabus dan rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran yang memuat sekurang-kurangnya Tujuan pembelajaran, Materi pembelajaran, metode pengajaran, sumber belajar, dan penilaian hasil belajar

PENGERTIAN RPP

Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP) adalah Rencana yang menggambarkan Prosedur dan pengorganisasian pembelajaran untuk mencapai satu kompetensi dasar yang ditetapkan dalam Standar Isi dan dijabarkan dalam silabus.

Lingkup Rencana Pembelajaran paling luas mencakup1 Kompetensi Dasar yang terdiri atas1 indikator atau beberapa indikator untuk1 kali pertemuan atau lebih.

Majapahit Kingdom

Majapahit was an ancient kingdom in Indonesia that had stood from 1293 until around the year 1500 AD This kingdom reached the peak of its power during the reign of Hayam Wuruk, who ruled from 1350 until 1389.

Kingdom of Majapahit was the last Hindu-Buddhist kingdom that controls the Malay Peninsula and is considered as one of the greatest country in the history of Indonesia.Kekuasaannya lies in Java, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaya, Borneo, the Sulu Archipelago, Manila (Saludung), up to eastern Indonesia, although the region power is still debated.

Historiography

There is little physical evidence remains of Majapahit, and its history is not the main jelas.Sumber used by historians is Pararaton ('Book of Kings') in the Kawi language and Java language Nagarakertagama Kuno.Pararaton especially telling Ken Arok (the founder of Singhasari) but includes several short sections on the formation of Majapahit. Nagarakertagama, is a poem written in Old Javanese Majapahit golden age under the reign of Hayam Wuruk. After that, the thing that happens is not clear. In addition, there are some inscriptions in the ancient Javanese language and historical records from China and other countries.

The accuracy of all the Java-language manuscript is disputed. There is no denying that the resources they contain elements and non-historical myth. Some scholars like C.C. Berg considers all manuscripts are not a record of the past, but have meaning in terms of the supernatural can know the future. However, most scholars assume that the outline of these sources can be accepted as consistent with historical records from China, particularly list of rulers and the state of the kingdom that looks pretty certain.

History
After Singhasari expel Sriwijaya from Java as a whole in the year 1290, Singhasari become the most powerful empire in the region. This has become the attention of Kublai Khan, ruler of the Yuan Dynasty in China. He sent an envoy named Meng Chi to Singhasari who demanded tribute. Kertanagara, the last ruler Singashari refused to pay tribute and shaming these messengers by destroying his face and cut off his ear. Kublai Khan was angry and then dispatch a large expedition to Java in 1293.

At that time, Jayakatwang, duke of Kediri, was killed Kertanagara. On the advice of Aria Wiraraja, Jayakatwang give clemency to Raden Wijaya, Kertanegara-law, who came to surrender. Raden Wijaya then given the woods Pull. He opened the forest and build a new village. The village was named Majapahit, whose name is taken from the fruit of a teenager, and a sense of "bitterness" of the fruit. When the Mongol army arrived Wijaya allied with the Mongol army to fight Jayakatwang. Raden Wijaya Mongolnya ally turns against forcing them withdraw from a chaotic because they are in foreign territory. It was also their last chance to catch the monsoon winds to be able to go home, or they would have had to wait another six months on a foreign island.

The exact date of which is used as date of birth of the Majapahit empire, Raden Wijaya was the day of coronation as king, that on November 10, 1293. He was crowned with the official name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana. The kingdom was facing problems. Some people trusted Kertarajasa, including Ranggalawe, Sora, and Nambi rebelled against him, though the rebellion was not successful. Slamet Muljana mahapati Halayudha guess that was the conspiracy to overthrow all of the king, so he can reach the highest positions in government. However, after the death of the last rebel (Kuti), Halayudha arrested and jailed, and then sentenced to death. Wijaya died in 1309.

Son and successor Wijaya, Jayanegara, is the master of evil and immoral. He dubbed Gemet Kala, meaning "weak villain". In 1328, Jayanegara killed by tabibnya, Tanca. His stepmother, Gayatri Rajapatni supposed to replace, but Rajapatni chose to resign from the palace and become a priestess. Rajapatni pointed Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi daughter to become queen of Majapahit. During the reign Tribhuwana, Majapahit kingdom grew into larger and more famous in the area. Majapahit Tribhuwana mastered until her death in 1350. He was succeeded by his son, Hayam Wuruk.

Majapahit Territory
Hayam Wuruk, also known as Rajasanagara, ruled Majapahit in 1350 until 1389. At the time of Majapahit reached the peak of its power with the help mahapatihnya, Gajah Mada. Under the command of Gajah Mada University (1313-1364), Majapahit control of more territory. In 1377, several years after the death of Gajah Mada, Majapahit attack by sea to Palembang, causing the collapse of the remnants of Sriwijaya.

According Nagarakertagama stanza XIII-XV, the Majapahit kingdom covering Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, Papua, and some islands of the Philippines. However, natural and economic constraints showed that the areas of power does not seem to be under centralized power of Majapahit, but connected to one another by a trade that might be monopolized by the king. Majapahit also has a relationship with Campa, Cambodia, Siam, southern Burma, and Vietnam, and even send-dutanya ambassador to China.

The Fall of Majapahit
After reaching a peak in the 14th century, Majapahit kingdom was gradually weakening. There appears to be a civil war (War Paregreg) in 1405-1406, between Wirabhumi against Wikramawardhana. Similarly, there has been a fight about the turn of the king in the year 1450s, and the great rebellion waged by a nobleman in the year 1468.

In Javanese tradition there is a chronogram or candrasengkala which reads ilang kretaning earth vanished. This is said year Sengkala end of Majapahit and should be read as 0041, the year of Saka 1400, or 1478 AD. Sengkala meaning is "gone gone prosperity earth." However, the truth is illustrated by the deaths of Bre candrasengkala Kertabumi, the 11th king of Majapahit, by Girindrawardhana.
A ship model display at the Muzium Majapahit Countries, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

When Majapahit was founded, Muslim traders and the spreaders of religion had begun to enter the archipelago. In the late 14th century and early 15th century, the Majapahit influence throughout the archipelago began to decrease. At the same time, a new trading empire based on Islam, the Sultanate of Malacca, began to emerge in the western part of the archipelago.

Note the history of China, Portuguese (Tome Pires), and Italy (Pigafetta) indicates that there has been displacement of the Majapahit kingdom in the hands of Hindu rulers into the hands of the Duke of Unus, the ruler of the Sultanate of Demak, between the years 1518 and 1521 AD.

That snapshot of the state majapahit at its heyday, the next will be joined by leading figures behind the establishment of majapahit.

soal IPA

  1. Bertemunya dua benda yang saling bergesekan akan mengakibatkan ....
  2. Sumber energi terbesar di bumi adalah ....
  3. Permukaan bumi yang memiliki ketinggian lebih dari 1500 m di atas permukaan air laut disebut ....
  4. Sumber mata air yang berada di tengah-tengah gurun atau padang pasir disebut ....
  5. Kemampuan benda untuk melakukan kerja disebut ....
  6. Butiran-butiran air yang jatuh ke permukaan bumi disebut ....
  7. Tumbuhan dapat menghasilkan oksigen yang berguna bagi manusia, maka hutan disebut sebagai .... dunia.
  8. Bahan yang diperoleh dari hasil menggali atau menambang dari dalam bumi disebut ....
  9. Petani garam tradisional lebih senang membuat garam pada musim ....
  10. Awan di langit yang menandakan cuaca akan tetap panas dan kering adalah awan ....
  11. Peta yang menggambarkan permukaan bumi dengan keadaan tinggi rendah sesuai dengan keadaan permukaan bumi sebenarnya disebut ....
  12. Lembah dalam yang sempit dan dindingnya curam disebut ....
  13. Energi yang dihasilkan oleh bor listrik adalah energi ....
  14. Gerak berputar sambil berpindah tempat mudah dialami oleh benda yang berbentuk ....
  15. Olah raga yang menantang yang dilakukan di atas aliran sungai yang deras adalah ....
  16. Jika kelereng digelindingkan dari kemiringan yang sama, maka jarak henti kelereng yang paling pendek adalah pada lintasan yang ....
  17. Air yang berada di ketinggian bisa berpindah ke tempat yang lebih rendah. Gerakannya melalui saluran yang dinamakan ....
  18. Benda yang membentur benda lain lalu kembali bergerak ke atas disebut mengalami gerak ....
  19. Perhiasan gelang dan kalung yang berasal dari budi daya laut adalah ....
  20. Pendakian ke gunung saat musim hujan tidak boleh dilakukan karena bisa ....
  21. Bagian daratan yang memiliki ketinggian lebih dari 200 m disebut ....
  22. Awan yang bentuknya terlihat berupa lembaran berlapis-lapis, menyebabkan terjadinya ....
  23. Awan yang menjadi tanda akan berakhirnya cuaca cerah adalah ....
  24. Aktifitas manusia bisa terjadi karena mendapatkan energi dari ....
  25. Karena tidak ada yang menahannya, maka benda yang berada di atas dapat berakibat ....

ENERGY

Energy is the ability that causes the occurrence of events or changes. Movement of an object, we can move, the engine can rotate because of the energy. Human use of energy to do activities. Humans get energy from food, therefore food for humans is a source of energy.
Objects that have energy eg solar, wind, flowing water, gas, electricity, petroleum, coal, etc. ..
Energy can not be destroyed but can change from one form to another.
Some forms of energy that we often use in everyday life are:
  1. Chemical energy is energy stored in chemicals. Will appear if the chemical energy to interact with other chemicals. Examples are batteries, accumulators, foodstuff, etc..
  2. Heat Energy ; Things that cause burning hot. Heat is also called heat. Heat generated by the candle can play a spiral of paper that hung above it. Heat can cause a spiral of paper can be engaged.
  3. Magnetic energy; this energy can attract certain objects such as nails, thumbtacks, nuts, and small irons. The energy generated by the magnet is called magnetic energy.
  4. Electrical Energy: Electrical energy can move the shaver and can move the fan. In the tool below, the change is to change electrical energy into mechanical energy.

  5. Chemical energy; Stones battery is chemical energy if the stones were prepared menggunkana battery electric equipment such as cables and lights, the chemical energy in the battery will change menjadai light energy.
  6. Light energy, energy can be used to dry laundry, assimilated in the green plants, etc. In this case is sunlight.
  7. Motion energy is the energy possessed by moving objects. The flow of river water has energy of motion, so that the flow of river water can be used to transport timber tau turbine drives a generator. The wind can be used to move the fishing boat to go fishing.
  8. Potential energy is energy that is stored in an object. Energy stored in food is called chemical potential energy.
  9. Gravitational Potential Energy; caused by gravity.
  10. Kinetic energy generated by the movement.
  11. The light energy is energy that comes from the sun or something that can remove light objects.
  12. Nuclear energy comes from nuclear word means a part of or in connection with the nuclei of atoms (atomic nuclei). Center called the nucleus of an atom or nucleus. The nucleus consists of protons and neutrons. Number of protons in the nucleus called the atomic number, and determine the elements of an atom.

    Nucleus size is much smaller than the atom itself, and most are composed of protons and neutrons, there is almost no contribution from the electrons.

    The number of neutrons within the nucleus determines the isotope of the element. The number of protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei are interconnected, usually in an amount equal, in a large nucleus there are several more neutrons. Both of these determine the type of nucleus. Protons and neutrons have nearly the same period, and the amount of the second period called the mass number, and weighs almost the same as the atomic mass (each isotope has a unique period). The period of the electron is very small and does not contribute much to the atom.
  13. The sound energy or sound is a mechanical compression or longitudinal waves that propagate through a medium. Medium or intermediary substance can be liquid, solid, gas. So, for example, sound waves can propagate in water, coal, or air.

    Most of the sound is a combination of signals, but a theoretical pure sound can be explained by the speed of oscillation or frequency measured in Hertz (Hz) and amplitude or loudness of sound with a decibel measurement.

    Humans hear when sound waves, the vibrations in the air or other medium, to the human ear drum. Limit the frequency of sound can be heard by human ears approximately from 20 Hz to 20 kHz in general amplitude with variation in response curve. Sound above 20 kHz is called ultrasonic and below 20 Hz is called infrasound.
Energy that will be useful if there are changes to the form that the other forms. Law of conservation of energy states "energy can not be created and can not be destroyed."

The sun is the main energy source in the world. Almost all energy comes from the sun and can be described as follows. Plants need sunlight to photosynthesise, from photosynthesis that results in the form of food reserves are circulated to all parts of the plant, subsequently issued in the form of oxygen that humans and animals and used for breathing. Humans and animals eat the plants (in addition to eating the flesh) to perform growth and find energy in the form of food.



Daily exercise and Deuteronomy

  1. In the natural sciences, the pull, or push is called ....
  2. Tools to measure the large and the small force is called ....
  3. Forces acting on the bow of a stretch is ....
  4. Reducing the speed of cars on the road due to ....
  5. ball bearings are the benefits ....
  6. If the old coconut fruit, it will fall to earth. This is due ....
  7. Tensile force caused by the magnet is called ....
  8. The combination of the two styles is called ....
  9. The unit of force is ....
  10. The magnetic pull of the biggest lies in the part of....
  11. What is the style according to the natural sciences?
  12. The force can change the style of an object. Explain how the process!
  13. What happens if my feet touched the ball rolling?
  14. How to minimize the friction force?
  15. Mention some tools that use spring force!